How To Do Noise Reduction Using ffmpeg And sox

Need a quick, easy and free way of cleaning up a video’s audio from background noise ? Follow the steps below to remove background audio from videos.

First get and install the tools:

Then clean your noise!

  1. Split the audio and video streams into 2 seperate files:
    The VIDEO stream: ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -vcodec copy -an tmpvid.mp4
    The AUDIO stream: ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -acodec pcm_s16le -ar 128k -vn tmpaud.wav 
  2. Generate a sample of noise from the audio of the file:
    ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -acodec pcm_s16le -ar 128k -vn -ss 00:00:00.0 -t 00:00:00.5 noiseaud.wav
    -ss: the time offset from beginning. (
    -t duration: the duration ( of audio segment to cut that represents the noise.
    Choose a segment of the audio where there’s no speech, only noise (e.g. speaker was silent for a sec).
  3.  Generate a noise profile in sox:
    sox noiseaud.wav -n noiseprof
  4. Clean the noise samples from the audio stream:
    sox tmpaud.wav tmpaud-clean.wav noisered 0.21
    Change 0.21 to adjust the level of sensitivity in the sampling rates (I found 0.2-0.3 often provides best result).
  5. Merge the audio and video streams back together:
    ffmpeg -i tmpvid.mp4 -i tmpaud-clean.wav -map 0:v -map 1:a -c:v copy -c:a aac -b:a 128k out.mp4
I’m thinking of automating this via a web interface that allows uploading a video file, selection of the noise sample and playing with the noisered levels producing a cleaned version… think it’s a useful tool?
Thanks for all the contributors in the comments!